Passive Tense

The subject of a passive verb is called ‘Representative of the doer’

Active Present
Active Jussive
Active Emphatic II
Passive Present
Passive Jussive
Passive Passive Emphatic II
Passive Imperative
Passive Perfect

The passive is made by a change of vowels inside the verb. The inflections are the same as for the active except the vowel of the prefix of the imperfect. In stem I the perfect is kutiba كُتِبَ and the imperfect yuk.tabu يُكتَبُ. The same scheme holds good for the derived stems; if there are more than three syllables, the extra one has u (damma) in the perfect and a (fatha) in the imperfect. A ا in the perfect of III and VI becomes uw وُ (damma followed by waw) in the passive. The passive imperfect of IV is the same as that of I.

Passive Subjunctive Imperfect

:For making this tense, the u of the passive indicative is changed to a the ni and na نَ َof the two syllabled inflections are cut off; while the feminine plurals are not changed.

Passive Jussive Imperfect

:This is formed by dropping the inflection u ُ of the passive indicative; in other cases it is the same as the passive subjunctive.